One of the best and most important of the various grapes used for the production of port wine. The name Touriga Francesa is the source of some confusion as there is a a more obscure variety that is known as Touriga Francisca. It 2001 the more important and indigenous Touriga Francesca was renamed Touriga Franca. On many bottles and in many a trade publication it is still referred to as Touriga Francesca and that is the reason it is referred to in this manner here. Touriga Francesa is prized for its ability to ripen early as well as the haunting mix of fruit and wildflowers that it contributes to port wines. Increasingly Touriga Francesa can be found either as a single varietal or as part of the blends of still, dry wines that are gaining momentum in the Duoro valley.