An ancient Bordeaux varietal that was very important in the 17th and 18th centuries but used today mostly for blends, ala Petit Verdot. In fact most of the more famous wineries in the Medoc region in Bordeaux owe their notoriety to Carmenère and Cabernet Franc. The vine is very susceptible to Coulure, a vine condition that drastically reduces yields and overall quality. Now undergoing a revival in Chile, where for years it was mistaken for Merlot, and also Italy, where it is a successful blending partner to the Sangiovese. Look for aromas and flavors of red fruits and fresh herbs.